A few of my experiments with negative space in landscape shots:
My first departure from the good ol’ rule of thirds in framing landscapes came with the above picture when I noticed how including a lot of sky added a feeling of expanse to the composition. The large sky exudes vastness while the sliver of land grounds the photo and adds just enough context.
The river alone wasn't very interesting, nor were the houses and shrubs behind it. But a little bit of both and a lot of sky made the photo more interesting by changing the emphasis. Now the photo wasn't about the river, but expanse. This was shot on my (then) brand new Nikkor 50mm f/1.4 AF-D. This was also when I first realized that a wide-angle lens is not at all necessary for landscape shots.
Warm and pleasant. The vignetting of the corners creates a natural looking gradient of blues to the sky, adding more dimension to the negative space.
Stonehenge is usually shot closely cropped to display the arrangement of the stones. Those compositions are about its impressive structure. The vertical orientation and negative space on top of the stones on this shot helps convey the mystical nature of Stonehenge.
Amy and I went to volunteer in Ishinomaki, Miyagi prefecture, Japan. Ishinomaki was one of the hardest hit areas during the 2011 Japanese tsunami. This part of town was barely touched. The water level permanently rose a meter since the landmass you are seeing sunk a meter during the earthquake.